SOC2 and SOC 2 Compliance

SOC 2 stands for Systems and Organization Controls 2. It is a security framework that specifies how organizations should protect customer data from unauthorized access, security incidents, and other vulnerabilities.
SOC 2 compliance is a voluntary standard implemented by technology and cloud computing companies to ensure data privacy compliance. It is based on five trust service principles: security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality and privacy.
To achieve SOC 2 compliance, a company needs to undergo an audit by an independent auditor who will evaluate its security posture related to one or more of the trust service principles. The auditor will issue a SOC 2 report that describes the company’s systems and their effectiveness in meeting the relevant criteria.

There are different steps for getting SOC 2 compliance depending on your organization’s current security posture and readiness. However, a general overview of the steps is as follows123:

Identify your scope


Decide which of the five trust service principles (security, availability, processing integrity, confidentiality and privacy) are relevant for your organization and which systems, policies and procedures support them. Also, determine whether you need a SOC 2 Type I or Type II report and the timeline for the project.

Perform a gap analysis


Conduct a readiness assessment of your control environment to identify any gaps between the trust service criteria and your internal controls. This will help you close any weaknesses or deficiencies in your compliance before the audit.

Remediate the gaps


Implement or improve the controls that are necessary to meet the SOC 2 requirements. This may involve updating policies and procedures, training staff, configuring systems and software, or adopting new security tools and practices.

Collect evidence


Gather documentation and records that demonstrate how your controls are designed and operating effectively. This may include policies, procedures, logs, reports, screenshots, contracts, etc.

Find an auditor


Choose a CPA firm that is qualified and experienced in conducting SOC 2 audits. Make sure they understand your industry and organization’s needs and expectations.

Undergo the audit


Cooperate with the auditor who will perform their own independent testing and evaluation of your control environment. Provide them with access to the evidence and information they need to form their opinion.

Receive the report


Review the auditor’s report that describes your systems and their effectiveness in meeting the SOC 2 criteria. The report will also include any findings or recommendations for improvement.

Maintain compliance


Monitor and update your controls regularly to ensure they remain effective and compliant. Schedule periodic audits to renew your SOC 2 certification and demonstrate your ongoing commitment to data security and privacy.

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