GDPR Compliance

GDPR stands for General Data Protection Regulation. It is a regulation in EU law that sets guidelines for the collection and processing of personal information from individuals who live in the EU and the European Economic Area (EEA).
GDPR applies to any organization that offers goods and services to people in the EU or EEA, or that collects and analyzes data for EU or EEA residents, regardless of where the organization or the data subjects are located.
GDPR was adopted on 14 April 2016 and became enforceable on 25 May 2018. It has become a model for many other laws across the world, such as in Turkey, Mauritius, Chile, Japan, Brazil, South Korea, South Africa, Argentina and Kenya.
There are different steps for GDPR compliance depending on your organization’s current security posture and readiness. However, a general overview of the steps is as follows123:


Know all of the data your business collects

Identify what personal data you collect, store, process and share, and for what purposes. Document the data flows and map the data sources, destinations and intermediaries. Assess the risks and impacts of data processing on individuals’ rights and privacy.


Appoint a data protection officer (DPO)

Designate a person or a team who is responsible for overseeing and ensuring GPDR compliance. The DPO should have the authority, resources and expertise to perform their duties effectively. The DPO should also be the main point of contact for data subjects, supervisory authorities and other stakeholders.


Create a GDPR compliance strategy

Define your objectives, scope and approach for achieving GPDR compliance. Align your strategy with your business goals, values and culture. Establish policies and procedures that reflect the principles and requirements of GPDR, such as data minimization, consent, transparency, accountability and security.


Educate and train your staff

Raise awareness and understanding of GPDR among your employees, contractors, partners and vendors. Provide them with relevant information, guidance and training on how to handle personal data in accordance with GPDR. Foster a culture of data protection and privacy within your organization.


Implement or improve your data protection measures

Apply appropriate technical and organizational measures to protect personal data from unauthorized or unlawful access, use, disclosure, alteration or destruction. This may include encryption, pseudonymization, anonymization, access control, backup, disaster recovery, etc. You should also conduct regular testing and auditing of your data protection measures to ensure their effectiveness and compliance.


Manage data subject requests

Respect and fulfil the rights of data subjects under GPDR, such as the right to access, rectify, erase, restrict, port or object to their personal data. Establish a process for receiving, verifying and responding to data subject requests within the specified time frames. Keep records of all requests and actions taken.


Monitor and report data breaches

Detect and report any personal data breaches to the relevant supervisory authority within 72 hours of becoming aware of them. Notify the affected data subjects without undue delay if the breach poses a high risk to their rights and freedoms. Document the details, causes, consequences and remedial actions of each breach.


Review and update your GDPR compliance program

Evaluate and measure the performance and outcomes of your GDPR compliance program on a regular basis. Identify any gaps, issues or areas for improvement. Update your policies, procedures and practices as needed to reflect changes in the law, technology or business environment.

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